Spain and Portugal make up the Iberian Peninsula (the Roman Hispania), the most western peninsula in southern Europe.
This geographical location near Africa with one coast on the Atlantic and another on the Mediterranean affects the variety of its climate and, in the past, the arrival of very different cultures. This gives rise to a landscape, cultural and linguistic variety of which many visitors (albeit fewer and fewer) are aware. Indeed, we can say that Spain is lush and green and, in the same breath, that it is a dry country; we can speak about the Atlantic diet, with its fish, and the Mediterranean diet, with its vegetables; about the past of old Moorish Spain and about Jewish and Christian Spain; about pro- and anti-bullfighting… What we mean is that, beyond the idea of being either a supporter of Real Madrid or Barcelona (if we are to trivialise matters) and the old cliché that identifies us with Flamenco, paella, sunshine and bullfighting, Spain offers many alternatives that do not stop at the very healthy form of sunshine and beach tourism, which is also very important. Those who follow the Way of St James in the North (in reference to a relatively well-known route) come across very little of this (or none at all) on their way. However, their experience is very gratifying.