The predominant climate in Spain is a warm Mediterranean climate, with dry summers and winters and balanced temperatures. Spain has more than 3000 hours of sunshine a year. Therefore, it comes as no surprise that it is one of the warmest places in Europe.
Traditionally, there are four main climates in Spain: oceanic (from the Pyrenees to Galicia); Mediterranean (the predominant climate in Spain since it stretches from the Mediterranean coast to the interior of the Peninsula and the Balearic archipelago); subtropical (the Canary Island archipelago); and mountain (large mountain ranges such as the Pyrenees, the Central Range, the Iberian Range, the Penibética Range and the Cantabrian Range). Each one influences a clearly defined geographical area. Spain is one of the warmest countries in Europe.
Here, special mention must be made of the Canary Islands. Their peculiar location off the coast of Africa means a gentle climate with mild temperatures (an annual average of 22°C on the coast) with little difference between daytime and nighttime. However, the main feature of the Spanish climate is variety, also caused by the country’s diverse geography.
If you travel to the north, to the Cantabrian coast, you will find a climate that is damp and warm, with gentle winters and summers in which temperatures usually stay below 25°C.In the higher regions of the country, the climate becomes harsher and snow can be found from the beginning of winter to the end of spring. This is the case of the Pyrenees, Sierra Nevada, the Central and Iberian Ranges and the Cantabrian Range, among others.